Talent Shortfall

Currently, only 16 percent of students graduating high school are proficient in and interested in a career in STEM. (Brookings Institution)

On average, for every 100 female undergraduate students, 12 graduate with a STEM major, but only 3 continue to work in STEM fields after graduation. (Million Women Mentors)

Currently, women account for only 24 percent of the STEM workforce, and the number in leadership decreases as the level of leadership increases. (Million Women Mentors)

For every 10 junior leadership positions in STEM industries, 3.5 are held by women. For every 10 CEO positions in those industries, 1 is held by a woman. (World Economic Forum)

A posting for a STEM-related occupation in an advanced industry remains online for an average of 43 days. This compares with 32 days for non-STEM ads. (Brookings Institution)

There are 2.5 entry-level job postings for each new 4-year graduate in STEM fields, compared to 1.1 postings for each new BA graduate in non-STEM fields. (Burning Glass)

48% of all entry-level jobs requiring a bachelor’s degree or higher are in STEM fields. (Burning Glass)

One million U.S. programming jobs will go unfilled by 2020. (BLS)

Demand for STEM Talent

Over the past 10 years, growth in STEM jobs was three times greater than that of non-STEM jobs. (Texas State University).

STEM occupations are projected to grow by 17.0 percent from 2008 to 2018, compared to 9.8 percent growth for non-STEM occupations. (US Department of Commerce)

One job in the high-tech sector leads to 4.3 jobs in local goods and services industries. (Change the Equation)

Nationally, 80 percent of fastest growing occupations depend upon mastery of STEM skills, and the growth in STEM jobs in 3 times greater than non-STEM jobs. (Million Women Mentors)

STEM jobs with a bachelor’s degree or higher result in a wage premium of over 14% compared to non-STEM jobs with similar educational requirements. (Brookings Institution)

Industries with Highest Demand for STEM Talent
STEM Groups % of STEM Postings Entry-Level Postings
Healthcare 65% 1,553,937

65% Complete
Information Technology 20% 482,388

20% Complete
Engineering & Advanced Manufacturing 9% 210,670

9% Complete
Sciences 3% 72,689

3% Complete
Analysts (Math) 2% 53,102

2% Complete


Experts predict the Health IT industry will reach $56.7 billion by 2017, and new roles and opportunities will be created along the way. (Adecco)


The fastest increases in demand for cybersecurity workers are in industries managing increasing volumes of consumer data such as Finance (+137% over the last 5 years), Healthcare (+121%), and Retail Trade (+89%). (Burning Glass)


A rapid rate of innovation suggests that manufacturers face a growing and long term need for a new type of worker who is STEM-literate, creative, and capable of problem solving. (Deloitte)

California STEM Outlook

Currently, California has over 85 thousand unfilled computing jobs with an average salary of $105,622, which is roughly twice the state average salary. Despite the incredible demand in computing professionals, California had only 2,921 computer science graduates with Bachelor’s degrees in 2013, of which only 14% were female. (Code.org)

Only 0.34 percent of eligible high school students in California took the AP Computer Science test in 2013. Of these test takers:

  • Female: 22 percent,
  • African-American: 1.5 percent,
  • Hispanic/Latino: 8 percent.

About 29 percent of UC graduates started at a California Community College. In addition, transfer students from California Community Colleges to University of California currently account for 48 percent of UC’s bachelor’s degrees in STEM. (CCC Chancellor’s Office)

While 51 percent of the California college population is female, only 13 percent of those who earn STEM degrees and certificates are women. (Million Women Mentors)

49 percent of STEM jobs in California will be in Computer Occupations by 2018. (Georgetown University)

Occupational Distribution of STEM Jobs through 2018
Computer Occupations Engineers & Engineering Technicians Life & Physical Science Occupations Architects, Surveyors & Technicians Mathematical Science Occupations Total
Number of Jobs 517,890 316,600 139,780 64,410 27,260 1,065,940
% of all STEM Jobs 49% 30% 13% 6% 3% 100%

By 2022, California will have the largest STEM workforce in the nation and largest share of US STEM jobs. (CA Bureau of Labor Statistics)

California will demand a total of 1.1 million STEM jobs by 2018. Over 93 percent of these jobs will require postsecondary education and training by 2018. (Georgetown University)

By 2025, California may face a shortage of workers with college training. The projected shortage of educated workers with some college stems from a mismatch between the share of the workforce projected to have some college education by 2025 (29%) and the share of jobs that will require workers with those skills (36%). (Public Policy Institute California)

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